Skip Navigation
0 of 0 Displaying
 |   Displaying

No Results


    Simple steps to calculate Tax on your Salary

    Last Updated On 04-01-2020

    Filing taxes is a fiscal responsibility for every citizen. But to ensure that you don’t pay a higher amount in taxes than you must, it is important that the tax calculation on your salary is done correctly. Calculating the taxes payable on your income, including your salary, involves a careful step-by-step estimation of the amount due.

    There are several salary tax calculators available online which can help you determine the precise amount you owe in taxes to the government. India follows a progressive tax structure and hence, different tax rates are applied to different income slabs. Individuals earning up to Rs. 2.5 lakh as annual salary are exempted from paying taxes, even though they have to submit income tax returns on time.

    The tax calculation on salary is a simple process, which can be completed in 5 steps. Read on to learn the steps involved in the process:

    1. Calculate total gross monthly salary:
      The first step to deriving the tax calculation on salary is to sum up the gross monthly income including the basic salary, perquisites and allowances granted to you.
    2. Calculate the exemptions you are granted:
      Once you have calculated the total gross monthly income, calculate the exemptions available to you, mainly under Section 10 of the Income Tax Act. These exemptions are most commonly granted on allowances such as HRA, medical and travel. You can easily calculate these by going through the pay slips granted to you by the company.
    3. Subtract exemptions from income:
      Once you have derived the total exemptions available to you, subtract them from the gross monthly income you draw. This is your total taxable income on a monthly basis.
    4. Convert to annual income:
      The monthly taxable income figure calculated must be multiplied by 12 to calculate the annual figure. This has to be done since Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) is deducted on annual income. This becomes your annual taxable income.
    5. Identify your tax slab:
      Now that you have calculated the tax payable on your salary, you will be able to identify the tax slab applicable to you. Different tax slabs are applicable to persons depending on their income, with those earning below Rs. 2.5 lakh being completely exempt from taxation. However, for those above the age of 60 years, different tax slabs will apply. 
      The 5 steps above are a guide for tax calculation on salary. As an example, we can consider the salary of Mr. Sharma, whose salary structure looks a bit like this:

      Basic Salary

      Rs. 50,000

      HRA (House Rent Allowance)

      Rs. 20,000

      Travel Allowance

      Rs. 800

      Medical Allowance

      Rs. 1,250

      Child Education Allowance (CEA)

      Rs. 200

      Total Monthly Income

      Rs. 72,250

    Since he stays at his own home, his total exemptions from the allowances granted to him in a month total Rs. 2,250 comprising the sum of his CEA, travel and medical allowances. Thus, his total annual taxable income is the difference between Rs. 72,250 and Rs. 2,250 multiplied by 12. Hence, his total annual taxable salary is Rs. 8,40,000.

    Now, aside from the salary, it is also important to take into consideration other sources of income while calculating the total tax payable. This includes income generated from investments through instruments such as Provident Fund (PF), mutual funds, shares, and even fixed deposits and savings accounts with banks.

    Several of these investments allow for exemptions under different sections of the Income Tax Act. Calculating these exemptions as well as the deductions available will allow you to easily calculate the total tax payable on your income. You can calculate this separate from your salary, or your income as a whole from salary and other investments; and then identify the tax slab applicable to you. 

    You can always choose to use a salary tax calculator online which can help you easily calculate the taxes payable by you. If you are aware of the total taxes payable by you, you can also take effective steps that will allow you to save taxes. Investing in instruments such as the Provident Fund or Equity Linked Saving Scheme (ELSS) can help you save taxes through exemptions allowed by law in India. Buying insurance can also help you save on taxes. You can buy term insurance or life insurance and be eligible for tax benefits under Section 80(C) of the Income Tax Act. If you’d like to learn more about term insurance policies, you can explore PNB MetLife’s various Term Plans. In addition to this, you can also browse through the numerous life insurance plans offered by PNB MetLife.

    • *Tax benefits are subject to conditions and other provisions of the Indian tax laws and are subject to amendments made thereto from time to time.


    The information provided in this article is generic in nature and for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for specific advice in your own circumstances. You are recommended to obtain specific professional advice from before you take any/refrain from any action. Tax benefits are subject to changes in tax laws. Please contact your tax consultant for an exact calculation of your tax liabilities.

    PNB MetLife India Insurance Company Limited, Registered office address: Unit No. 701, 702 & 703, 7th Floor, West Wing, Raheja Towers, 26/27 M G Road, Bangalore -560001, Karnataka.
    IRDAI Registration Number 117. CI No: U66010KA2001PLC028883. For more details on risk factors, terms and conditions, please read the sales brochure carefully before concluding the sale.
    The marks “PNB” and “MetLife” are registered trademarks of Punjab National Bank and Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, respectively. PNB MetLife India Insurance Company Limited is a licensed user of these marks.
    Call us Toll-free at 1-800-425-6969 Phone: 080-66006969, Website:, Email: or Write to us: 1st Floor, Techniplex -1, Techniplex Complex, Off Veer Savarkar Flyover, Goregaon (West), Mumbai – 400062, Maharashtra. Phone: +91-22-41790000, Fax: +91-22-41790203


    • IRDAI is not involved in activities like selling policies, announcing bonus or investment of premiums. Public receiving such phone calls are requested to lodge a police complaint.


    Steps to get Tax Refunded, if you paid excess tax

    In the process of tax filing, we normally feel that we are paying taxes in excess than our actual liability, including interest. When you file for ...


    Tax benefits of Term Insurance plans

    Buying term insurance is one of the best ways to guarantee your family’s continued well-being and financial security, even in your absenc...


    Tax benefits of using Pension Schemes to reduce tax liability

    One of the difficult aspects of adulthood is that the more we earn, the higher our tax liability goes. Each year, the Income Tax Department puts ou...


    Tax Planning and Tax benefits for senior citizens and Super senior citizens| PNB MetLife

    The Income Tax Act provides many tax benefits for senior citizens in India, over and above the tax relief measures offered to people below 60 years...


    The top tax saving instruments under sections 80C and 80CCD

    When you earn a promotion, and obtain a hike in your salary, it’s always a reason for celebration. However, as your income grows, it’s also accompa...

    Want to know more about how you can protect your family?

    See all our articles

    Get a Callback

    OTP sent successfully

    Thank you for getting in touch with us. We will contact you shortly.


    Collapsed Expanded

    As your trusted life insurance partner, PNB MetLife is with you amidst the current COVID-19 outbreak. Our policies also cover COVID-19 Claims. In case of a Death Claim, kindly submit the signed Claim Intimation Letter mentioning the policy number, brief of the insured event and other claim documents on the email mentioned herewith. Please write-in to us at or You can also call us on 1800-425-6969 for death claims intimations and for any queries on Monday - Saturday between 10:00 am - 7:00 pm.

    PNB MetLife Insurance, amongst the trusted Life Insurance companies in India, aims to provide a wide range of Life Insurance products that suits the needs of an individual at every stage of his life. Life Insurance Plans range from Term Life Insurance PlansTerm PlanProtection PlansLong Term Savings Plans , Retirement Plans & Child Education Plan.

    Site best viewed in following browsers
    Chrome 70+ , IE 11+, Firefox 76+, Safari 11+