The Government of India collects both direct and indirect taxes. While direct taxes apply to the income that individuals and corporate earn, indirect taxes are imposed on sale of goods and services. Tax deposition needs to be done by the assesses directly in the former, while the seller collects and deposit taxes in the latter case. Since both apply to the income source, they are confused with each other. To help you out, here’s a brief explanation of how they differ.
Defining TDS and TCS
The major difference between TDS and TCS lies in their definitions.
TDS is short form of tax deducted at source. It is the amount that companies and individuals deduct on payments made by them when the payments exceed a certain limit. These payments can be in the form of interest, rent, salaries, commission, professional fees etc. The most common example of this is a salary slip. You can find the tax deducted from source, i.e., salary on it.
On the other hand, TCS or tax collected at source is the amount of tax collected by the seller during the purchase of an item. As per the tax laws, tax collected at source is applicable only to specific items such as scrap, timber, alcohol, tendu leaves, etc. For instance, when you buy timber from a trader and they collect a specific percentage of tax from you, it is called TCS.
In both cases, there are different people depositing these indirect taxes. While TDS is to be paid by the person making a payment, TCS is to be collected and paid by the person selling products on which it is applicable.
Tax Rate for TDS and TCS
Now that you have understood the basic difference, let’s delve deeper into the TDS and TCS rates levied by the government. Note that these rates vary depending on the type of payment being made or product being sold. Here’s a table describing the same:
Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) - (Payment which are falling under Income Tax Chapter XVII) – Sample cases of payment type and TDS thereon enumerated below:
||According to the Income Tax Slab
|Lottery, horse race, crossword puzzle wins over ₹10 thousand
|Purchase of immovable property over ₹50 lakhs
|Rent paid for building, land, plan or machinery over ₹2.4 lakh
||10% for land and building
2% for plant and machinery
|Single payment of ₹30 thousand or aggregate payment of ₹1 lakh
||1% for individuals and HUF
2% for the rest
Tax Collected at Source (TCS)
|Timber wood under a leased forest
|Motor vehicle purchase over ₹10 lakhs
Depositing TDS/TCS and Penalty
Proof of tax payment can be called for anytime. For example, it can be required while buying life insurance online. So, deduction and collection of tax at source should be a part of your tax priorities if it applies to you.
TDS should be deposited every month, typically by the 7th day of the following month in which the tax is deducted. If you fail to deduct or deposit the tax, you have to pay a penalty of 1% per month or 1.5% per month, respectively.
TCS must be paid by the 7th day of the following month in which tax is collected, failure of which can lead to a penalty of 1% on the amount of tax.
As you can see, TDS and TCS are different in every aspect. Whether you belong to the category of tax collector or deductor, make sure you abide by the rules to prevent any unfortunate consequences.
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